On to another famous passage for how the NT writers use the OT. Matthew 2:13-15 (key verse: v. 15) reads:
13 Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, Rise, take the child and his mother, and flee to Egypt, and remain there until I tell you, for Herod is about to search for the child, to destroy him. 14 And he rose and took the child and his mother by night and departed to Egypt 15 and remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill what the Lord had spoken by the prophet, Out of Egypt I called my son.
Matthew is referencing Hosea 11:1. Here is the passage with some context:
1 When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son. 2 The more they were called, the more they went away; they kept sacrificing to the Baals and burning offerings to idols.
Here is the issue. How is it that Matthew can view Hosea 11:1 as a forward looking prophecy when Hosea (8th century BC) is clearly looking backward into Israel’s history at the exodus from Egypt?
I’ll wait to hear what you think before I chime in and send you Beale and Carson’s commentary on this one.